Original Research

Socio-demographic analysis of Festival Entrepreneurs in South Africa

E Jonker, M Saayman
The Southern African Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management | Vol 3, No 1 | a19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajesbm.v3i1.19 | © 2015 The Southern African Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management
Submitted: 16 July 2015 | Published: 31 December 2010

About the author(s)

E Jonker,
M Saayman, North West University

Full Text:

PDF (115KB)

Share this article

Bookmark and Share


The purpose of this article is to examine the socio-demographic differences between entrepreneurs at National Arts festivals in South Africa. Language, and specifically Afrikaans, English and African languages, was used as the dependent variable. The Klein Karoo National Arts Festival (KKNK) in Oudtshoorn and the Grahamstown National Arts Festival (GNAF) are the two largest arts festivals in South Africa. The research was conducted by means of a questionnaire survey (N=500). The data from KKNK and GNAF were combined and factor analyses were applied to determine the role and attributes of entrepreneurs. Cross-tabulation analyses were used to illustrate the comparison of language with socio-demographical variables (marital status, qualification, province, family business, personal attributes, business premises and resourcefulness) and the role and attributes of entrepreneurs. In addition, the association of language with independent variables was examined by means of one-way ANOVA for the three language groups. Findings suggest that there are significant differences in festival entrepreneurs from different cultures (languages), especially in terms of socio-demographic variables such as marital status, education, province, business and personal attributes (resourcefulness).

Keywords and phrases: Klein Karoo National Arts Festival, Grahamstown National Arts Festival, festival entrepreneur, factor analysis, cross-tabulation analysis, ANOVA, entrepreneurs, language


No related keywords in the metadata.


Total abstract views: 1154
Total article views: 723

Crossref Citations

No related citations found.